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Managers of Global ChangeThe Influence of International Environmental Bureaucracies$
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Frank Biermann and Bernd Siebenhüner

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780262012744

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262012744.001.0001

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The Secretariat of the Global Environment Facility: From Network to Bureaucracy

The Secretariat of the Global Environment Facility: From Network to Bureaucracy

Chapter:
(p.202) (p.203) 8 The Secretariat of the Global Environment Facility: From Network to Bureaucracy
Source:
Managers of Global Change
Author(s):

Lydia Andler

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262012744.003.0008

Created one year before the 1992 Rio summit, the Global Environment Facility (GEF) is mandated to fund projects designed to promote global environmental protection. In 1994, it was restructured in response to strong criticism from nongovernmental organizations and developing countries, and today, has a unique institutional structure that includes a small secretariat headquartered in Washington, DC. This chapter examines the autonomous influence of the GEF secretariat as a bureaucracy and the factors underlying such influence. After providing an overview of the GEF secretariat’s organizational structure and activities, the chapter analyzes its cognitive, normative, and executive influences. It also discusses the secretariat’s resources, competences, and embeddedness, along with its organizational expertise, organizational culture, and organizational leadership.

Keywords:   secretariat, Global Environment Facility, influence, bureaucracy, environmental protection, embeddedness, organizational expertise, organizational structure, organizational culture, organizational leadership

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