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Communications Under the SeasThe Evolving Cable Network and Its Implications$
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Bernard Finn and Daqing Yang

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780262012867

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262012867.001.0001

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Small Nation, International Submarine Telegraphy, and International Politics: The Great Northern Telegraph Company, 1869–1940

Small Nation, International Submarine Telegraphy, and International Politics: The Great Northern Telegraph Company, 1869–1940

Chapter:
(p.115) 7 Small Nation, International Submarine Telegraphy, and International Politics: The Great Northern Telegraph Company, 1869–1940
Source:
Communications Under the Seas
Author(s):

Kurt Jacobsen

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262012867.003.0061

This chapter examines the influence of the Great Northern Telegraph Company (GNTC) on international telegraphy and its business environment, and discusses international relations between different national telegraph networks and the first treaty agreed upon by Prussia and Austria. Belgium, France, and Prussia converged together to form the International Telegraph Union in 1865. The chapter moves on to discuss how GNTC was constantly threatened by government intervention and how it realized from the beginning that managing submarine cables was complex and entailed a political imperative, which meant that opportunities and risks were politically determined. It narrates the actions taken against the GNTC during and after the war, and how these actions were motivated by one purpose: To gain control over the flow of information in and out of the country.

Keywords:   international telegraphy, GNTC, national telegraph networks, International Telegraph Union, submarine cables, political imperative

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