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Clouds in the Perturbed Climate SystemTheir Relationship to Energy Balance, Atmospheric Dynamics, and Precipitation$
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Jost Heintzenberg and Robert J. Charlson

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780262012874

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262012874.001.0001

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Cloud-controlling Factors of Cirrus

Cloud-controlling Factors of Cirrus

Chapter:
11 (p.235) Cloud-controlling Factors of Cirrus
Source:
Clouds in the Perturbed Climate System
Author(s):

Bernd Kärcher

Peter Spichtinger

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262012874.003.0011

This chapter discusses the factors that control cirrus clouds, which include small- and large-scale atmospheric dynamics, ice nucleation behavior of aerosol particles, and interaction with terrestrial and solar radiation. Key uncertainties in this area of research are also addressed, such as supersaturation, vertical velocities, ice particle measurements, ice initiation and growth, indirect aerosol effects, radiative forcing, cirrus representation and validation in global climate models, and climate change. Future developments to reduce these uncertainties are also outlined.

Keywords:   cirrus clouds, atmospheric dynamics, ice nucleation, aerosol, radiation, supersaturation, radiative forcing

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