- Title Pages
- The Ernst Strüngmann Forum
- List of Contributors
- 2Trends in Observed Cloudiness and Earth’s Radiation Budget
- 3Climatologies of Cloud-related Aerosols
- 4 Cloud Properties from <i>In-situ</i> and Remote-sensing Measurements
- 5Clouds and Precipitation
- 6Temporal and Spatial Variability of Clouds and Related Aerosols
- 7Laboratory Cloud Simulation
- 8Cloud-controlling Factors
- 9 Deep Convective Clouds
- 10Large-scale Controls on Cloudiness
- 11Cloud-controlling Factors of Cirrus
- 12Cloud-controlling Factors
- 13Cloud Particle Precursors
- 14Cloud–Aerosol Interactions from the Micro to the Cloud Scale
- 15Weather and Climate Engineering
- 16Air Pollution and Precipitation
- 17What Do We Know about Large-scale Changes of Aerosols, Clouds, and the Radiation Budget?
- 18The Extent and Nature of Anthropogenic Perturbations of Clouds
- 19Global Indirect Radiative Forcing Caused by Aerosols
- 20Simulating Global Clouds
- 21Observational Strategies from the Micro- to Mesoscale
- 22Observational Strategies at Meso- and Large Scales to Reduce Critical Uncertainties in Future Cloud Changes
- 23Aerosols and Clouds in Chemical Transport Models and Climate Models
- 24 Current Understanding and Quantification of Clouds in the Changing Climate System and Strategies for Reducing Critical Uncertainties
- Name Index
- Subject Index
- 12 (p.269) Cloud-controlling Factors
- Clouds in the Perturbed Climate System
A. Pier Siebesma Rapporteur
Christopher S. Bretherton
Wojciech W. Grabowski
Jon C. Petch
- The MIT Press
This chapter addresses the shortcomings that emerge in global climate models attributable to the interactions between resolved and parametized unresolved cloud-related processes (convection, turbulence, clouds and radiation). It also discusses alternative modeling techniques to study perturbed clouds, which include the numerical weather prediction model, large eddy simulation models, cloud-resolving models, and super-parameterized single column models.
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