- Title Pages
- The Ernst Strüngmann Forum
- List of Contributors
- 2Trends in Observed Cloudiness and Earth’s Radiation Budget
- 3Climatologies of Cloud-related Aerosols
- 4 Cloud Properties from In-situ and Remote-sensing Measurements
- 5Clouds and Precipitation
- 6Temporal and Spatial Variability of Clouds and Related Aerosols
- 7Laboratory Cloud Simulation
- 8Cloud-controlling Factors
- 9 Deep Convective Clouds
- 10Large-scale Controls on Cloudiness
- 11Cloud-controlling Factors of Cirrus
- 12Cloud-controlling Factors
- 13Cloud Particle Precursors
- 14Cloud–Aerosol Interactions from the Micro to the Cloud Scale
- 15Weather and Climate Engineering
- 16Air Pollution and Precipitation
- 17What Do We Know about Large-scale Changes of Aerosols, Clouds, and the Radiation Budget?
- 18The Extent and Nature of Anthropogenic Perturbations of Clouds
- 19Global Indirect Radiative Forcing Caused by Aerosols
- 20Simulating Global Clouds
- 21Observational Strategies from the Micro- to Mesoscale
- 22Observational Strategies at Meso- and Large Scales to Reduce Critical Uncertainties in Future Cloud Changes
- 23Aerosols and Clouds in Chemical Transport Models and Climate Models
- 24 Current Understanding and Quantification of Clouds in the Changing Climate System and Strategies for Reducing Critical Uncertainties
- Name Index
- Subject Index
- 8 (p.173) Cloud-controlling Factors
- Clouds in the Perturbed Climate System
- The MIT Press
This chapter investigates the environmental factors that control the cloudiness of low clouds such as stratus, cumulus, and stratocumulus clouds. Some of these factors include seasonal variations in lower tropospheric stability, surface wind speeds, free tropospheric humidity, and divergence of the horizontal wind.
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