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Clouds in the Perturbed Climate System
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Clouds in the Perturbed Climate System: Their Relationship to Energy Balance, Atmospheric Dynamics, and Precipitation

Jost Heintzenberg and Robert J. Charlson

Abstract

More than half the globe is covered by visible clouds. Clouds control major parts of the Earth’s energy balance, influencing both incoming shortwave solar radiation and outgoing longwave thermal radiation. Latent heating and cooling related to cloud processes modify atmospheric circulation, and, by modulating sea surface temperatures, clouds affect the oceanic circulation. They are also an essential component of the global water cycle, on which all terrestrial life depends. Yet clouds constitute the most poorly quantified, least understood, and most puzzling aspect of atmospheric science, and ... More

Keywords: clouds, climate change, energy balance, shortwave solar radiation, longwave thermal radiation, cloud processes, atmospheric circulation, sea surface temperatures, oceanic circulation, atmospheric science

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2009 Print ISBN-13: 9780262012874
Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013 DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262012874.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Jost Heintzenberg, editor

Robert J. Charlson, editor

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Contents

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1Introduction

Jost Heintzenberg, and Robert J. Charlson

4 Cloud Properties from In-situ and Remote-sensing Measurements

George A. Isaac, and K. Sebastian Schmidt

5Clouds and Precipitation

Yukari N. Takayabu, and Hirohiko Masunaga

6Temporal and Spatial Variability of Clouds and Related Aerosols

Andrew Ackerman, Dennis L. Hartmann, George A. Isaac, Stefan Kinne, Hirohiko Masunaga, Joel R. Norris, Ulrich Pöschl, Ulrich Pöschl, K. Sebastian Schmidt, Anthony Slingo, and Anthony Yukari N.

7Laboratory Cloud Simulation

Frank Stratmann, Ottmar Möhler, Raymond Shaw, and Wex Heike

8Cloud-controlling Factors

Bjorn Stevens, and Jean-Louis Brenguier

9 Deep Convective Clouds

Wojciech W. Grabowski, and Jon C. Petch

10Large-scale Controls on Cloudiness

Christopher S. Bretherton, and Dennis L. Hartmann

11Cloud-controlling Factors of Cirrus

Bernd Kärcher, and Peter Spichtinger

12Cloud-controlling Factors

A. Pier Siebesma Rapporteur, Jean-Louis Brenguier, Christopher S. Bretherton, Wojciech W. Grabowski, Jost Heintzenberg, Bernd Kärcher, Katrin Lehmann, Jon C. Petch, Peter Spichtinger, Bjorn Stevens, and Frank Stratmann

13Cloud Particle Precursors

Sonia M. Kreidenweis, Markus D. Petters, and Patrick Y. Chuang

16Air Pollution and Precipitation

Greg Ayers, and Zev Levin

18The Extent and Nature of Anthropogenic Perturbations of Clouds

Patrick Y. Chuang, Rapporteurs Graham Feingold, Greg Ayers, Robert J. Charlson, William R. Cotton, Sonia M. Kreidenweis, Zev Levin, Teruyuki Nakajima, Daniel Rosenfeld, Michael Schulz, and Holger Siebert

19Global Indirect Radiative Forcing Caused by Aerosols

Jim Haywood, Leo Donner, Andy Jones, and Jean-Christophe Golaz

20Simulating Global Clouds

William D. Collins, and Masaki Satoh

21Observational Strategies from the Micro- to Mesoscale

Jean-Louis Brenguier, and Robert Wood

24 Current Understanding and Quantification of Clouds in the Changing Climate System and Strategies for Reducing Critical Uncertainties

Rapporteur Johannes Quaas, Sandrine Bony, William D. Collins, Leo Donner, Anthony Illingworth, Andy Jones, Ulrike Lohmann, Masaki Satoh, Stephen E. Schwartz, Wei-Kuo Tao, and Robert Wood