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WMD TerrorismScience and Policy Choices$
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Stephen M. Maurer

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780262012980

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262012980.001.0001

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Remediation Following Chemical and Biological Attacks

Remediation Following Chemical and Biological Attacks

Chapter:
(p.365) 13 Remediation Following Chemical and Biological Attacks
Source:
WMD Terrorism
Author(s):

Ellen Raber

Tina Carlsen

Robert Kirvel

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262012980.003.0013

This chapter discusses the cleanup of public facilities following a terrorist attack. The chapter is organized as follows. Section 13.1 presents a brief account of the Tokyo chemical weapons (1995) and American B. anthracis (2001) attacks and explains how these events reshaped expert thinking about remediation. Section 13.2 describes how modern consensus concepts describing response and recovery actions have replaced earlier usages that were often inconsistent, ambiguous, and contradictory. Section 13.3 introduces a decision framework for managing the aftermath of an attack and addresses the related issues of cleanup or clearance goals (i.e., How clean is clean enough?). Section 13.4 reviews existing technologies for meeting clearance goals in indoor and semi-enclosed settings. Section 13.5 describes what is known about clearance goals for chemical and biological warfare agents.

Keywords:   terrorist attack, public facilities, cleanup, chemical weapons, biological weapons, remediation, decontamination

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