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WMD TerrorismScience and Policy Choices$
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Stephen M. Maurer

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780262012980

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262012980.001.0001

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Squeezing Value from Homeland Security Research: Designing Better R&D Incentives

Squeezing Value from Homeland Security Research: Designing Better R&D Incentives

(p.409) 15 Squeezing Value from Homeland Security Research: Designing Better R&D Incentives
WMD Terrorism

Stephen M. Maurer

The MIT Press

Homeland security depends on the development of new technologies, yet the results from even well-funded programs have so far been disappointing. While this could theoretically be fixed by throwing more money at the problem, radically increased budgets are politically unlikely, which leaves better incentive design. This chapter presents a framework for addressing homeland security’s many R&D challenges. The chapter is organized as follows. Section 15.1 begins by describing the basic incentive mechanisms used to promote innovation and discusses their generic strengths and weaknesses. Section 15.2 focuses on multipart innovation, in which success requires successive steps along a development “pipeline” (e.g., drugs and vaccines) or simultaneous advances in several quasi-independent technologies (e.g., weapons systems). Section 15.3 uses this framework to analyze four grand-challenge R&D problems.

Keywords:   innovation incentives, homeland security, national security, research and development

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