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Rethinking ViolenceStates and Non-State Actors in Conflict$
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Erica Chenoweth and Adria Lawrence

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780262014205

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262014205.001.0001

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Ethnic Partition Under the League of Nations: The Cases of Population Exchanges in the Interwar Balkans

Ethnic Partition Under the League of Nations: The Cases of Population Exchanges in the Interwar Balkans

Chapter:
(p.117) Chapter 5 Ethnic Partition Under the League of Nations: The Cases of Population Exchanges in the Interwar Balkans
Source:
Rethinking Violence
Author(s):

Erin K. Jenne

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262014205.003.0005

This chapter evaluates the effectiveness of ethnic partition through population transfer as a method of conflict management. Separating the fighting tribes into defensible territory was considered a solution to the ethnic security dilemma, but population transfers witnessed significant loss of life and property and human rights violations, and encouraged interstate wars. This chapter presents a study on population transfers in the Balkans, emphasizing interstate peace. It also considers Bulgarian irredentism and territorial aspirations; the geopolitical origins of Greco-Turkish exchange; and the renewed conflict between Greece and Turkey. It is argued that the level of ethnic conflict is determined by the actions of regional and hegemonic players and the relations between them.

Keywords:   ethnic partition, conflict management, human rights, ethnic conflict, interstate wars

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