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Localism versus Globalism in Morphology and Phonology$
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David Embick

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780262014229

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262014229.001.0001

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Potentially Global Interactions Are Resolved Locally

Potentially Global Interactions Are Resolved Locally

(p.155) 6 Potentially Global Interactions Are Resolved Locally
Localism versus Globalism in Morphology and Phonology

David Embick

The MIT Press

This chapter examines the specific empirical predictions that globalism makes for allomorphic interactions, focusing on possible forms of evidence in favor of global computation of morphology and phonology. It considers two types of “global over local” effects, “unconditioned” allomorphs/phonological effects and (phonologically driven) allomorphic vacillation. It also discusses opacity in phonologically conditioned allomorphy (PCA) in the context of unconditioned allomorphy and allomorphic vacillation. The chapter presents cases of “outward-sensitive” allomorphy showing “nonuniform” paradigms as well as allomorphy conditioned by local, adjacent morphemes rather than phonological properties of the word. In other words, the strong predictions of globalism are not attested, regardless of whether paradigms are uniform or not. The chapter concludes with a discussion of cyclic Optimality Theory and global optimization in Latin.

Keywords:   Optimality Theory, globalism, morphology, phonology, opacity, phonologically conditioned allomorphy, unconditioned allomorphy, allomorphic vacillation, morphemes, Latin

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