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Humanity's EndWhy We Should Reject Radical Enhancement$
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Nicholas Agar

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780262014625

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262014625.001.0001

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The Philosopher—Nick Bostrom on the Morality of Enhancement

The Philosopher—Nick Bostrom on the Morality of Enhancement

(p.133) 7 The Philosopher—Nick Bostrom on the Morality of Enhancement
Humanity's End

Nicholas Agar

The MIT Press

The main critical focus in this chapter will be Bostrom’s claim that human values are tacitly posthuman. Bostrom defends radical enhancement from two perspectives. First, he claims that many arguments against enhancement rely on a fallacy, opening up the options of radical intellectual enhancement and life extension to those who wish to pursue them. Bostrom’s second argument purports to close the gap between something’s being permissible and its being desirable. Radical enhancement, on this view, turns out to be an imperceptible but nevertheless direct implication of our shared human values. It is argued here that the thorough investigation of our values which Bostrom is calling for is more likely to be against radical enhancement than in favor of it.

Keywords:   human values, posthuman, radical enhancement, fallacy, radical intellectual enhancement, life extension, permissible, desirable, shared human values

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