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Edge-Based Clausal SyntaxA Study of (Mostly) English Object Structure$
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Paul M. Postal

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780262014816

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262014816.001.0001

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Passivization Targets: I

Passivization Targets: I

(p.197) 5 Passivization Targets: I
Edge-Based Clausal Syntax

Paul M. Postal

The MIT Press

This chapter examines active clause determiner phrases (DPs) that can “feed” the existence of passive clauses. More specifically, it considers what active clause DPs can correspond to the final 1s of grammatical periphrastic passive (and middle) clauses. It also discusses the relations of middles to pseudopassives and to the second objects of ditransitives. The phrases that “feed” passivization to a significant degree can be discussed in the context of what constituents can head periphrastic or synthetic passive prepassive arcs. After outlining descriptive and theoretical accounts of English passives, the chapter discusses the adequacy of simple 2 object restrictions, pseudopassives and pseudomiddles, the interaction between ditransitive passives and demotion to 4 objects, and pseudopassives in relation to adjectival conversion.

Keywords:   determiner phrases, passive clauses, middles, pseudopassives, second objects, ditransitives, passivization, arcs, pseudomiddles, adjectival conversion

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