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Majority JudgmentMeasuring, Ranking, and Electing$
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Michel Balinski and Rida Laraki

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780262015134

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262015134.001.0001

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Approval Voting

Approval Voting

(p.315) 18 Approval Voting
Majority Judgment

Michel Balinski

Rida Laraki

The MIT Press

This chapter discusses and analyzes approval voting, one of the point-summing methods where each voter is allowed to cast as many votes as he wishes. The form in which approval voting is practiced currently is an example of range-voting, in which there are only two meaningless scores. The approval voting experiments conducted under the conditions of the Orsay experiment of 2007 demonstrates support to the theoretical claims for and against it. The concept of approval judgment, which differs from approval voting in its traditional practice, which makes clear that the evaluations are absolute grades, is also discussed. One of the drawbacks of approval voting is that a candidate preferred by only one voter of the electorate is likely to be elected when strategic behavior is ignored.

Keywords:   approval voting, point-summing methods, Orsay experiment, approval judgment, strategic behavior

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