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Majority JudgmentMeasuring, Ranking, and Electing$
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Michel Balinski and Rida Laraki

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780262015134

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262015134.001.0001

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Comparisons of Voting Methods

Comparisons of Voting Methods

(p.339) 19 Comparisons of Voting Methods
Majority Judgment

Michel Balinski

Rida Laraki

The MIT Press

This chapter analyzes fundamental differences among different voting methods by comparing their qualitative properties, and also demonstrates how strategic manipulation is controlled by the majority judgment. Borda’s and point-summing, the methods that have gained substantial support by reformists, are manipulated and biased in favor of election of moderate candidates. The methods that are least manipulable include Condorcet, approval judgment, and the majority judgment. Manipulation is difficult in Condorcet due to the creation of Condorcet-cycles. The majority judgment is also considered the most balanced with regard to the left–right spectrum. Bias in favor of centrist candidates is a serious drawback of approval judgment.

Keywords:   voting methods, strategic manipulation, majority judgment, Borda’s method, point-summing methods, Condorcet method, approval judgment

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