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Majority JudgmentMeasuring, Ranking, and Electing$
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Michel Balinski and Rida Laraki

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780262015134

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262015134.001.0001

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Traditional Social Choice

Traditional Social Choice

Chapter:
(p.47) 3 Traditional Social Choice
Source:
Majority Judgment
Author(s):

Michel Balinski

Rida Laraki

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262015134.003.0003

This chapter offers information on traditional methods and concepts of social choice theory, including one proposed by Condorcet, known today as Copeland’s method, Borda’s method, Dasgupta-Maskin method, and Nanson’s method. Choice rule versions of Arrow’s impossibility theorem and the fundamentals of Arrow’s model that are comparisons between pairs of alternatives, competitors, or candidates, are also discussed. The Dasgupta-Maskin method focuses on the primacy of a Condorcet-winner that is a strong contender and is one of the dominant concepts in the theory of voting. Two important failures associated with Borda-ranking are its manipulability and violation of independence of irrelevant alternatives.

Keywords:   social choice, Arrow’s impossibility theorem, Condorcet-winner, theory of voting, Dasgupta-Maskin method

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