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Children Without a StateA Global Human Rights Challenge$
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Jacqueline Bhabha

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780262015271

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262015271.001.0001

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China: Ensuring Equal Access to Education and Health Care for Children of Internal Migrants

China: Ensuring Equal Access to Education and Health Care for Children of Internal Migrants

Chapter:
(p.279) 12 China: Ensuring Equal Access to Education and Health Care for Children of Internal Migrants
Source:
Children Without a State
Author(s):

Kirsten Di Martino

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262015271.003.0012

This chapter discusses the effects on children of internal migration in China, along with policy options recommended for addressing problems that Chinese migrant children are facing. Access to education and health care services are the major difficulties that migrant children face due to their rural hukou (rural household registration) compared with local resident children’s urban hukou (urban household registration), a mandatory document for accessing these services. Although citizens, migrant children residing in China without access to these basic services are effectively stateless. The chapter explores the importance of narrowing the gap of basic services provided to the urban and rural residents, along with the impact that the global economic downturn will have on the internal migration policies of China.

Keywords:   education, health care services, rural hokou, urban hokou, global economic downturn, internal migration, China

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