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Disease Eradication in the 21st Century
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Disease Eradication in the 21st Century: Implications for Global Health

Stephen L. Cochi and Walter R. Dowdle

Abstract

Disease eradication represents the ultimate in global equity and the definitive outcome of good public health practice. Thirty years ago, the elimination of smallpox defined disease eradication as a monumental global achievement with lasting benefits for society. Today, the global commitment to eradicate polio and guinea worm, and heightened interest in the potential eradication of other infectious diseases, including measles/rubella, lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis, and malaria, dominate public health concerns. But what does it take to eradicate a disease? This book takes a look at the e ... More

Keywords: disease eradication, global equity, public health, smallpox, polio, guinea worm, infectious diseases, lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis, malaria

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2011 Print ISBN-13: 9780262016735
Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013 DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262016735.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Stephen L. Cochi, editor

Walter R. Dowdle, editor

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Contents

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1 The Eradication of Infectious Diseases

Stephen L. Cochi, and Walter R. Dowdle

Lessons Learned From current Elimination and Eradication Initiatives

3 Measles and Rubella Eradication in the Americas

Jon Kim Andrus, Ciro A. de Quadros, Carlos Castillo-Solórzano, Mirta Roses Periago, and Donald A. Henderson

Critical Issues in Determining Feasibility of Eradication

6 The Role of Research

Julie Jacobson

7 Group Report: Assessing the Feasibility of an Eradication Initiative

Peter Strebel, Eric A. Ottesen, Ciro A. de Quadros, Sherine Guirguis, Robert G. Hall, Linda Muller, Jai Prakash Narain, and Ole Wichmann

Issues in the Development of an Eradication Investment Case

10 Group Report: Developing an Eradication Investment Case

Kimberly M. Thompson, Regina Rabinovich, Lesong Conteh, Claudia I. Emerson, B. Fenton Hall, Peter A. Singer, Maya Vijayaraghavan, and Damian G. Walker

11 Guidelines for Preparing an Eradication Investment Case

Damian G. Walker, and Regina Rabinovich

Governance

14 Group Report: Elements of Good Governance in Disease Eradication Initiatives

Kari Stoever, Chris Maher, R. Bruce Aylward, Julie Jacobson, Ali Jaffer Mohamed, T. Jacob John, Robert S. Scott, and Andy Wright

Disease Eradication and Health Systems

17 The Impacts of Measles Elimination Activities on Immunization Services and Health Systems in Six Countries

Piya Hanvoravongchai, Sandra Mounier-Jack, Valeria Oliveira Cruz, Dina Balabanova, Robin Biellik, Yayehyirad Kitaw, Tracey Koehlmoos, Sebastião Loureiro, Mitike Molla, Ha Trong Nguyen, Pierre Ongolo-Zogo, Umeda Sadykova, Harbandhu Sarma, Maria Gloria Teixeira, Jasim Uddin, Alya Dabbagh, and Ulla Kou Griffiths

18 Disease Eradication as a Springboard for Broader Public Health Communication

Jeffrey Bates, Sherine Guirguis, Thomas Moran, and Lieven Desomer

19 Group Report: Designing Elimination or Eradication Initiatives that Interface Effectively with Health Systems

Muhammad Ali Pate, John O. Gyapong, Walter R. Dowdle, Adrian Hopkins, Dairiku Hozumi, Mwelecele Malecela, and Stewart Tyson