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Disease Eradication in the 21st CenturyImplications for Global Health$
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Stephen L. Cochi and Walter R. Dowdle

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780262016735

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262016735.001.0001

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Onchocerciasis: From Control to Possible Eradication

Onchocerciasis: From Control to Possible Eradication

Chapter:
(p.35) 4 Onchocerciasis: From Control to Possible Eradication
Source:
Disease Eradication in the 21st Century
Author(s):

Adrian Hopkins

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262016735.003.0004

Onchocerciasis is a skin disease characterized by intense itching and the presence of filaria in the skin of those infected, and which is also associated with blindness. This chapter discusses the evolution of the onchocerciasis program and the lessons learned along the way. It describes the two major onchocerciasis programs—the Onchocerciasis Elimination Program for the Americas (OEPA) and the African Program for Onchocerciasis Control (APOC), and the strategies developed by these initiatives. The emphasis for onchocerciasis eradication has been the “elimination of transmission.” There is also a need to develop surveillance, monitoring, and diagnostic tools to certify that the disease has been eradicated.

Keywords:   onchocerciasis, OEPA, APOC, eradication

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