As a multidisciplinary field, human information interaction (HII) includes basic concepts with a variety of definitions and interpretations. Researchers give these concepts the meanings common in their discipline, but researchers in the same discipline may come up with differing interpretations. This chapter provides an overview of some basic concepts about HII and their definitions, first by elucidating the terms human, information, and ecological approach. It then explains what a community of actors is, along with system, the functional elements of a system, a system’s environment and constraints, context-specific and general-context information systems, and the systems approach used to account for the multidisciplinary nature of HII.
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