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Nurturing the Older Brain and Mind$
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Pamela M. Greenwood and Raja Parasuraman

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780262017145

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262017145.001.0001

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Cognitive Challenge in Youth

Cognitive Challenge in Youth

Chapter:
(p.71) 5 Cognitive Challenge in Youth
Source:
Nurturing the Older Brain and Mind
Author(s):

Pamela M. Greenwood

Raja Parasuraman

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262017145.003.0005

This chapter presents studies which reveal that the cognitive challenge in youth helps to improve brain function and cognitive function in adulthood and old age. The association of higher education attainment in youth with improved cognitive function and reduced Alzheimer’s disease risk in old age is discussed. The chapter presents research evidence which states that a decline in memory, mental status, and verbal ability are associated with a few years of education. It also presents the cognitive reserve concept, which states that the cognitive processing efficiency of individuals developed through educational experiences can help them fight against the effects of old-age brain pathology.

Keywords:   cognitive function, higher education attainment, Alzheimer’s disease, brain pathology, cognitive reserve

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