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The Paradox of Scientific AuthorityThe Role of Scientific Advice in Democracies$
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Wiebe E. Bijker, Roland Bal, and Ruud Hendriks

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780262026581

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262026581.001.0001

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The Work and the Product of Scientific Advising

The Work and the Product of Scientific Advising

(p.137) 6 The Work and the Product of Scientific Advising
The Paradox of Scientific Authority

Wiebe E. Bijker

Roland Bal

Hendriks Ruud

The MIT Press

This chapter argues that a theory of scientific advice should do at least three things. First, it should specify the characteristics of the product of that scientific advice, the advisory report. Second, such a theory should describe in detail the work that goes into making such scientific advisory reports. And third, it should position the work and product of scientific advice in the broader process of democratic governance of technological cultures: the role that experts play in the democratic procedures and institutions in modern societies which are permeated by science and technology. The chapter discusses the first two elements, drawing upon the detailed analysis of the products and work of the Gezondheidsraad.

Keywords:   Gezondheidsraad, scientific advice, advisory report, democratic governance, technological culture, science, technology

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