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Rethinking Global Land Use in an Urban Era$
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Karen C. Seto and Anette Reenberg

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780262026901

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262026901.001.0001

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Finite Land Resources and Competition

Finite Land Resources and Competition

Chapter:
(p.35) 4 Finite Land Resources and Competition
Source:
Rethinking Global Land Use in an Urban Era
Author(s):

Helmut Haberl

Cheikh Mbow

Xiangzheng Deng

Elena G. Irwin

Suzi Kerr

Tobias Kuemmerle

Ole Mertz

Patrick Meyfroidt

B. L. Turner II

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262026901.003.0004

Rising demand for land-based products as well as conservation of forests and carbon sinks create increasing competition for land. Land-use competition has many drivers, takes different forms, and can have many significant implications for ecosystems as well as societal well-being. This chapter discusses the effect of increased demand for nonprovisioning ecosystem services (biodiversity conservation and carbon sequestration), urbanization, bioenergy, and teleconnections. Three major types of land-use competition are discerned: production versus production (e.g., food vs. fuel), production versus conservation (e.g., food production vs. conservation), and built-up environment versus production or conservation (e.g., food vs. urban). Sustainability impacts that result from land-use competition are analyzed and found to differ strongly between the different types of land-use competition. They are associated with important trade-offs and high uncertainty. Institutional aspects related to land-use competition are discussed using a conceptual model that distinguishes types of institutions as well as their functions. Analysis of long-term trajectories suggests that land-use competition is likely to intensify in the medium- to long-term future, mainly in the face of expected scarcities in resource supply, mitigation and adaptation policies related to climate change, and climate change impacts and demographic pressures. Major research gaps are discussed and priority research topics outlined. Published in the Strungmann Forum Reports Series.

Keywords:   land-use competition, land resources, conservation, ecosystem services, urbanization, bioenergy, teleconnections

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