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Neighborhood as RefugeCommunity Reconstruction, Place Remaking, and Environmental Justice in the City$
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Isabelle Anguelovski

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780262026925

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262026925.001.0001

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Stories of Neighborhood Abandonment, Degradation, and Transformation

Stories of Neighborhood Abandonment, Degradation, and Transformation

Chapter:
(p.55) 3 Stories of Neighborhood Abandonment, Degradation, and Transformation
Source:
Neighborhood as Refuge
Author(s):

Isabelle Anguelovski

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262026925.003.0003

Chapter 3 presents the baseline conditions of historical marginalization and environmental degradation that activists in CayoHueso, Casc Antic, and Dudley faced. It outlines the history of each neighborhood and the forces that contributed to the degradation of the neighborhood and its socioenvironmental and health conditions. It examines long-term degradation and changes in each neighborhood and plants the seed for analyzing the relationship between neighborhood decline and local activism and place remaking. Activists refer to multiple events, actors, and forces that affected the stability and well-being of the neighborhood and triggered their reactions and mobilization. These include private and public disinvestment, changes in the structure of the local economy and industry, lack of municipal attention to degradation, laissez-faire environmental and land-use policies, redlining and inequitable lending practices, racism, and discrimination against residents. Such processes are inscribed in a broader context of municipal neglect toward historical and inner-city neighborhoods and of urban renewal and building demolition policies. Chapter 3 also examines the initiatives that residents and their allies organized to transform their neighborhoods. Among others, these include farms, gardens, and schoolyards in Boston, large green public spaces in Barcelona, and green streets and art projects in Havana.

Keywords:   Long term marginalization and decay, Neighbourhood disinvestment, Urban renewal, Neighborhood environmental projects

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