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Double DividendEnvironmental Taxes and Fiscal Reform in the United States$
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Dale W. Jorgenson, Richard J. Goettle, Mun S. Ho, and Peter J. Wilcoxen

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780262027090

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262027090.001.0001

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Government and the Rest of the World

Government and the Rest of the World

Chapter:
(p.189) 5 Government and the Rest of the World
Source:
Double Dividend
Author(s):

Dale W. Jorgenson

Richard J. Goettle

Mun S. Ho

Peter J. Wilcoxen

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262027090.003.0005

This chapter describes the determination of government expenditures, revenues and deficits, and the determination of imports and exports. Taxes are imposed on labor income, capital income, property, sales and imports. Tax rates are projected based on revenue projections of the CBO, and average and marginal rates on labor income are distinguished. Deficits are set to CBO projections in the near term and assumed to converge gradually to steady state balance. Deficits cumulate in government debt which determines an exogenous path of interest payments. Imports are regarded as imperfect substitutes (the Armington assumption) and modeled using the Kalman filter in the same way as inputs into the production function. The share of domestic output going to exports is also derived from a translog function of domestic and world prices. The current account balance is exogenous where the constraint is met by an endogenous terms of trade.

Keywords:   Government, revenue, deficits, government debt, interest, imports, exports, current account, Armington

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