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State and EnvironmentThe Comparative Study of Environmental Governance$
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Andreas Duit

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780262027120

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262027120.001.0001

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Causes and Consequences of Stakeholder Participation in Natural Resource Management: Evidence from 143 Biosphere Reserves in Fifty-Five Countries

Causes and Consequences of Stakeholder Participation in Natural Resource Management: Evidence from 143 Biosphere Reserves in Fifty-Five Countries

Chapter:
(p.293) 11 Causes and Consequences of Stakeholder Participation in Natural Resource Management: Evidence from 143 Biosphere Reserves in Fifty-Five Countries
Source:
State and Environment
Author(s):

Andreas Duit

Ola Hall

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262027120.003.0011

This chapter examines the causes and consequences of stakeholder participation in natural resource management by presenting evidence from 143 biosphere reserves (BR) in fifty-five countries. In particular, it considers whether stakeholder participation in natural resource management programs leads to better management of ecosystems, and how the quality of democratic institutions and levels of corruption affects stakeholders' likelihood of participating in natural resource programs. After an overview of the possible reasons why stakeholders participate in the management of natural resources, the discussion shifts to political rights, with emphasis on the right to form associations and organizations. The chapter then explains the data and methods used in the survey of 143 BRs and analyzes patterns of stakeholder involvement in BR activities to the BR's management performance. The results show that institutional guarantees for political rights are about as important as a BR policy prioritizing combined social, economic, and ecological development in persuading non-governmental organizations and locals to get involved in BR implementation activities.

Keywords:   natural resource management, biosphere reserves, ecosystems, corruption, stakeholders, natural resources, political rights, non-governmental organizations

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