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State and EnvironmentThe Comparative Study of Environmental Governance$
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Andreas Duit

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780262027120

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262027120.001.0001

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Explaining Environmental Policy Adoption: A Comparative Analysis of Policy Developments in Twenty-Four OECD Countries

Explaining Environmental Policy Adoption: A Comparative Analysis of Policy Developments in Twenty-Four OECD Countries

Chapter:
(p.53) 3 Explaining Environmental Policy Adoption: A Comparative Analysis of Policy Developments in Twenty-Four OECD Countries
Source:
State and Environment
Author(s):

Christoph Knill

Susumu Shikano

Jale Tosun

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262027120.003.0003

This chapter compares the adoption of environmental policy innovations by policy-makers in twenty-four OECD countries (twenty-one European countries plus Mexico, Japan, and the United States) in the period from 1970 to 2000. It uses an item response model to assess a country's likelihood of adopting environmental policies as a function of interaction between policy item-specific and country-specific factors, as well as the concept of adoption resistance to cover the country-specific factors that affect the probability that—given a certain level of contagiousness—a country actually adopts the policy in question. The chapter first presents a short overview of the most relevant empirical studies addressing policy diffusion before outlining the central analytical concepts. It then proposes an explanatory model and considers the adoption of the environmental policy measures. After testing the hypotheses, it discusses the findings and highlights open questions to set the stage for future research.

Keywords:   environmental policy, policy innovations, OECD countries, empirical studies, policy diffusion

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