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State and EnvironmentThe Comparative Study of Environmental Governance$
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Andreas Duit

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780262027120

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262027120.001.0001

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Decentralization and Deforestation: Comparing Local Forest Governance Regimes in Latin America

Decentralization and Deforestation: Comparing Local Forest Governance Regimes in Latin America

Chapter:
(p.239) 9 Decentralization and Deforestation: Comparing Local Forest Governance Regimes in Latin America
Source:
State and Environment
Author(s):

Krister Andersson

Tom Evans

Clark C. Gibson

Glenn Wright

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262027120.003.0009

This chapter examines how local governance institutions respond to decentralization and how this response affects the stability of the resource base by comparing local forest governance regimes in three Latin American countries: Bolivia, Guatemala, and Peru. It begins with an overview of the evolution of modern forestry policy in developing countries, followed by a review of the core findings in the decentralization literature related to forest governance. It then frames the issue of decentralization within a new institutionalist perspective and develops a testable hypothesis on the environmental effects of decentralization. It considers state capacity as an important determinant of the effectiveness of local governments in both formally decentralized and formally centralized settings. It also uses a comparative research design that exploits the variation in institutional conditions both within and across national policy regimes.

Keywords:   decentralization, forest governance, Latin America, Bolivia, Guatemala, Peru, forestry policy, developing countries, local government

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