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Single Neuron Studies of the Human BrainProbing Cognition$
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Itzhak Fried, Ueli Rutishauser, Moran Cerf, and Gabriel Kreiman

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780262027205

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262027205.001.0001

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Microelectrode Studies of Human Sleep

Microelectrode Studies of Human Sleep

(p.165) 10 Microelectrode Studies of Human Sleep
Single Neuron Studies of the Human Brain

Itzhak Fried

The MIT Press

Sleep is a fundamental behavior that affects cognition, mood, health, and consciousness, but the mechanisms mediating the interplay between sleep and cognition remain unclear. Microelectrode sleep studies offer a unique opportunity to bridge the gap between human behavioral studies and rodent electrophysiology, especially given the technical challenges associated with functional imaging of human sleep. Sleep studies are well tolerated by patients, and allow prolonged recordings from multiple brain regions that play a pivotal role in sleep oscillations such as slow waves, sleep spindles, and hippocampal ripples. Indeed, single-unit sleep studies have revealed important discoveries, highlighting the regional diversity in the occurrence, spectral, and temporal aspects of these sleep oscillations. Sleep and epilepsy are intimately related, providing rare opportunities for understanding epileptogenesis, but special care must be exerted when making inferences about normal sleep physiology. Exciting future directions await the field of microelectrode studies of human sleep.

Keywords:   Sleep, single-unit, human, local field potential, slow waves, sleep spindles, gamma oscillations, hippocampal ripples, epilepsy

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