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Clapperton Chakanetsa Mavhunga

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780262027243

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262027243.001.0001

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The Professoriate of the Hunt and International Ivory Poaching

The Professoriate of the Hunt and International Ivory Poaching

Chapter:
(p.203) 8 The Professoriate of the Hunt and International Ivory Poaching
Source:
Transient Workspaces
Author(s):

Clapperton Chakanetsa Mavhunga

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262027243.003.0010

This chapter examines the role of Africa's professoriate of the hunt in international ivory poaching. The story of Shadrek Mataruse, the legendary ivory hunter of Mahenye in Zimbabwe, illustrates the role of kinship networks in his use of guns to harvest ivory from northern Gonarezhou National Park. Shadrek, known as the Bvekenya of Mahenye, was arguably the most famous mupocha around Gonarezhou since Cecil Barnard. Shadrek was not hunting alone. The 1980s were possibly the worst period of poaching ever experienced in Gonarezhou's history. This chapter considers four stages of anti-poaching: arrest criteria, procedures to follow when confronting poachers, prosecution of the suspects, and sentencing them. It also describes CAMPFIRE (Communal Area Management Programme for Indigenous Resources), a program founded in 1989 by Rowan Martin to undertake the development of rural areas in Africa through incentive-based wildlife conservation.

Keywords:   professoriate of the hunt, ivory poaching, Shadrek Mataruse, anti-poaching, poachers, prosecution, CAMPFIRE, Africa, wildlife conservation

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