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Transparency in Global Environmental GovernanceCritical Perspectives$
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Aarti Gupta and Michael Mason

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780262027410

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262027410.001.0001

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The National Context for Transparency-Based Global Environmental Governance1

The National Context for Transparency-Based Global Environmental Governance1

(p.61) 3 The National Context for Transparency-Based Global Environmental Governance1
Transparency in Global Environmental Governance

Florini Ann

Jairaj Bharath

The MIT Press

In this chapter, Ann Florini and Bharath Jairaj present a comparative analysis of diverse national contexts shaping uptake, institutionalization and effects of transparency. The chapter documents the democratization impulse underpinning a global spread of right to know and freedom of information laws, and its institutionalization in the specific national contexts of the United States, India, South Africa, Mexico, Indonesia and China. Even as democratization is identified as a key driver of transparency’s uptake across these contexts, alternative drivers, such as a marketization and privatization impetus for disclosure, are also present. The authors thus conclude that local context matters in institutionalizing and securing desired effects of governance by disclosure. Another key finding is that, across the contexts examined, the private sector remains relatively immune from stringent disclosure, with implications for the transformative potential of governance by disclosure.

Keywords:   Right to Know, Freedom of Information, Transparency, China, India

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