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Transparency in Global Environmental GovernanceCritical Perspectives$
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Aarti Gupta and Michael Mason

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780262027410

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262027410.001.0001

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Transparency in the Governance of Access and Benefit Sharing from Genetic Resources

Transparency in the Governance of Access and Benefit Sharing from Genetic Resources

Chapter:
(p.157) 7 Transparency in the Governance of Access and Benefit Sharing from Genetic Resources
Source:
Transparency in Global Environmental Governance
Author(s):

Orsini Amandine

Oberthür Sebastian

Pożarowska Justyna

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262027410.003.0007

In this chapter, Amandine Orsini,Sebastian Oberthür and Justyna Pożarowska analyse one of the newest disclosure-based global environmental governance arrangements: the Nagoya Protocol on access to and benefit sharing (ABS) from genetic resources, developed under the Convention on Biological Diversity. The ABS regime is striking in its double-sided transparency requirements, with disclosure required both to access genetic resources, andto share benefits from such access, yet with the burdens and costs of each category of disclosure very differently distributed. As the authors show, the institutionalization of disclosure for accessing genetic resources (required from developing, provider countries) is much further advanced in the Nagoya protocol than that for benefit sharing (required from industrialized countries and powerful market actors). This imbalance results, they argue, from the predominantly marketized, decentralized and bilateral contract-based approach to governance by disclosure pursued in this case, with consequences for its empowerment potential and environmental effects.

Keywords:   Nagoya Protocol, transparency, Genetic resources, Access and benefit sharing

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