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Beyond Imported MagicEssays on Science, Technology, and Society in Latin America$
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Eden Medina, Ivan da Costa Marques, and Christina Holmes

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780262027458

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262027458.001.0001

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Creole Interferences: A Conflict over Biodiversity and Ownership in the South of Brazil

Creole Interferences: A Conflict over Biodiversity and Ownership in the South of Brazil

Chapter:
(p.331) 16 Creole Interferences: A Conflict over Biodiversity and Ownership in the South of Brazil
Source:
Beyond Imported Magic
Author(s):

Ana Delgado

Israel Rodríguez-Giralt

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262027458.003.0016

Delgado and Rodríguez-Giralt report on how traditional local seeds became a legal entity under the name of ‘Creole’, and had to co-exist with commercial seeds. Creole seeds, which have been developed, adapted, or produced by farmers and landless and indigenous peoples in situ, are by definition not standardized. Because of their ‘ecology’, they remain always adapting and changing as open objects. This chapter details a number of attempts at including Creole seeds within national legal, scientific and bureaucratic systems. It reports on how new forms of ownership and dependencies emerged in the conflictive relations between the State and the Brazilian rural movements. Drawing on Moreira’s discussion of interferences, the authors describe how Creole seeds constantly disrupt what is considered a legally valid entity in the Brazilian context and propose the notion of transient standardizations to conceptualize the disruptive nature of those relations.

Keywords:   Biodiversity, Brazil, Seeds, Rural movements, standardization, Co-existence, Interference

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