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Similarity in DifferenceMarriage in Europe and Asia, 1700-1900$
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Christer Lundh and Satomi Kurosu

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780262027946

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262027946.001.0001

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Economic and Household Factors of First Marriage in Two Northeastern Japanese Villages, 1716–1870

Economic and Household Factors of First Marriage in Two Northeastern Japanese Villages, 1716–1870

(p.349) 10 Economic and Household Factors of First Marriage in Two Northeastern Japanese Villages, 1716–1870
Similarity in Difference

Noriko O. Tsuya

Satomi Kurosu

The MIT Press

This chapter examines the patterns of and factors associated with first marriage in two farming villages in northeastern Japan in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, using data drawn from their annual population registers, called “ninbetsu-aratame-cho.” Marriages in these two study villages were universal and early. They were also concentratedin a narrow age band: for males age 16–20 and for females age 13–17. Ourmultivariate analysis found that a local economic downturn as measured by a rise in the local rice price reducedthe likelihood of first marriage of both men and women. An excess of never-married men at prime marriage ages relative to never-married women at prime marriage ages within the villages also reduced the probability of male first marriages and increased the likelihood of female first marriages. Household economic resources as measured by household landholding enhanced men’s first marriages, especially male virilocal marriages. Our analysis also revealed that the importance of coresident kin-such as the presence of parents and older and younger siblings-strongly and intricately influenced the likelihood of first marriage of young unmarried men and women.

Keywords:   first marriage, northeastern Tokugawa Japan, farming villages, local economic conditions, household landholding, household relationship, coresident kin

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