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Consciousness, Attention, and Conscious Attention$
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Carlos Montemayor and Harry Haroutioun Haladjian

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780262028974

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262028974.001.0001

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Forms of Attention

Forms of Attention

Chapter:
(p.25) 2 Forms of Attention
Source:
Consciousness, Attention, and Conscious Attention
Author(s):

Carlos Montemayor

Harry Haroutioun Haladjian

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262028974.003.0002

This chapter presents an overview of the research on visual attention, which has been studied extensively in cognitive psychology and neuroscience. The studies discussed are limited to the major empirical findings on visual attention that have implications for the scientific understanding of consciousness. The chapter includes studies on feature-based attention, spatial attention, object-based attention, effortless attention, the mechanisms supporting the different forms of attention (e.g., neural structures and pathways), and the evolution of these mechanisms. This review is important for the book’s primary argument that consciousness and attention must be dissociated at some level, as there are functionally different forms of attention that seem to operate independently and to have evolved at different times from each other—an argument that is difficult to make for consciousness.

Keywords:   binding problem, blindsight, bottom-up attention, early vision, effortless attention, feature-based attention, multimodal integration, object-based attention, spatial attention, top-down attention

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