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Disturbed ConsciousnessNew Essays on Psychopathology and Theories of Consciousness$
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Rocco J. Gennaro

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780262029346

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262029346.001.0001

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Jaspers’ Dilemma: The Psychopathological Challenge to Subjectivity Theories of Consciousness

Jaspers’ Dilemma: The Psychopathological Challenge to Subjectivity Theories of Consciousness

Chapter:
(p.29) 2 Jaspers’ Dilemma: The Psychopathological Challenge to Subjectivity Theories of Consciousness
Source:
Disturbed Consciousness
Author(s):

Alexandre Billon

Uriah Kriegel

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262029346.003.0002

Alexandre Billon and Uriah Kriegel, the chapter authors, hold that our conscious states often have a distinctive subjective character, or “mine-ness,” in virtue of which they appear to us to be ours. According to what they call “subjectivity theories,” the connection between phenomenal consciousness and subjective character is necessary: all phenomenally conscious states must exhibit this mine-ness. Such theories include higher-order and self-representational theories. Billon and Kriegel consider a prima facie threat to subjectivity theories from cases of patients suffering from thought insertion, delusions of alien control, somatoparaphrenia, and depersonalization who would seem to have conscious thoughts, intentions, or bodily sensations that lack subjective character. They argue that at least some subjectivity theories can accommodate these pathologies.

Keywords:   Subjective Character, Subjectivity Theories, Self-Representationalism, Higher-order Thoughts, Thought Insertion, Somatoparaphrenia, Consciousness, Depersonalization

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