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The Digital MindHow Science is Redefining Humanity$
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Arlindo Oliveira

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780262036030

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262036030.001.0001

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Biology Meets Computation

Biology Meets Computation

Chapter:
(p.143) 7 Biology Meets Computation
Source:
The Digital Mind
Author(s):

Arlindo Oliveira

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262036030.003.0007

This chapter describes how computers played a decisive role in the sequencing and understanding of the genomes of humans and other organisms. The discovery of the structure of DNA, by Watson and Crick, opened the way to a systematic approach to biology, based on the study of the way DNA encodes the proteins in all living cells. The area that became known as computational biology, or bioinformatics, aims at modelling, simulating, and understanding the behaviour of biological systems, using computer models and algorithms. Such a deep understanding will enable us to create computer models of cells and of entire organisms and even, in the future, open the doors to the creation of entirely new lifeforms, a field known as synthetic biology.

Keywords:   DNA sequencing, Biological networls, Bioinformatics, Computational biology, Synthetic biology

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