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Scientific Collaboration on the Internet
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Scientific Collaboration on the Internet

Gary M. Olson, Ann Zimmerman, and Nathan Bos

Abstract

Modern science is increasingly collaborative, as signaled by rising numbers of coauthored papers, papers with international coauthors, and multi-investigator grants. Historically, scientific collaborations were carried out by scientists in the same physical location—the Manhattan Project of the 1940s, for example, involved thousands of scientists gathered on a remote plateau in Los Alamos, New Mexico. Today, information and communication technologies allow cooperation among scientists from far-flung institutions and different disciplines. This book provides views of how new technology is enabl ... More

Keywords: Manhattan Project, case studies, collaborative projects, virtual observatory, astronomical research, medical research, cyberinfrastructure, earthquake engineering, AIDS research, evaluating projects

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2008 Print ISBN-13: 9780262151207
Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013 DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262151207.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Gary M. Olson, editor

Ann Zimmerman, editor

Nathan Bos, editor

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Contents

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Introduction

Gary M. Olson, Nathan Bos, and Ann Zimmerman

I The Contemporary Collaboratory Vision

II Perspectives on Distributed, Collaborative Science

3 From Shared Databases to Communities of Practice: A Taxonomy of Collaboratories

Nathan M. Bos, Ann Zimmerman, Judith S. Olson, Jude Yew, Jason Yerkie, Erik Dahl, Daniel Cooney, and Gary M. Olson

4 A Theory of Remote Scientific Collaboration

Judith S. Olson, Erik C. Hofer, Nathan Bos, Ann Zimmerman, Gary M. Olson, Daniel Cooney, and Ixchel Faniel

III Physical Sciences

7 The National Virtual Observatory

Mark S. Ackerman, Erik C. Hofer, and Robert J. Hanisch

8 High-Energy Physics: The Large Hadron Collider Collaborations

Erik C. Hofer, Shawn McKee, Jeremy P. Birnholtz, and Paul Avery

10 Evaluation of a Scientific Collaboratory System: Investigating Utility before Deployment

Diane H. Sonnenwald, Mary C. Whitton, and Kelly L. Maglaughlin

IV Biological and Health Sciences

12 The Biomedical Informatics Research Network

Judith S. Olson, Mark Ellisman, Mark James, Jeffrey S. Grethe, and Mary Puetz

13 Three Distributed Biomedical Research Centers

Stephanie D. Teasley, Titus Schleyer, Libby Hemphill, and Eric Cook

V Earth and Environmental Sciences

18 NEESgrid: Lessons Learned for Future Cyberinfrastructure Development

B. F. Spencer Jr., Randal Butler, Kathleen Ricker, Doru Marcusiu, Thomas A. Finholt, Ian Foster, Carl Kesselman, and Jeremy P. Birnholtz

VI The Developing World

Conclusion Final Thoughts: Is There a Science of Collaboratories?

Nathan Bos, Gary M. Olson, and Ann Zimmerman

End Matter