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Managers of Global ChangeThe Influence of International Environmental Bureaucracies$
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Frank Biermann and Bernd Siebenhüner

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780262012744

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262012744.001.0001

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The Climate Secretariat: Making a Living in a Straitjacket

The Climate Secretariat: Making a Living in a Straitjacket

(p.245) 10 The Climate Secretariat: Making a Living in a Straitjacket
Managers of Global Change

Per-Olof Busch

The MIT Press

In response to growing scientific evidence that anthropogenic activities are interfering with the climate system, governments adopted the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 1992. The mission of the UNFCCC is to minimize atmospheric greenhouse gas emissions that would prevent climate change driven by anthropogenic factors. The Kyoto Protocol was adopted in 1997 and the Marrakech Accords was ratified four years later. This chapter examines how the UNFCCC secretariat, a single-issue bureaucracy, has supported states in the negotiation and implementation of the climate regime, whether it has autonomous influence, and what explains its influence. After providing an overview of the climate secretariat’s organizational structure and activities, the chapter analyzes its cognitive, normative, and executive influences. It also discusses the secretariat’s resources, competences, and embeddedness, along with its organizational expertise, organizational culture, and organizational leadership.

Keywords:   climate change, executive influences, climate secretariat, UNFCCC, greenhouse gas emissions, organizational structure, embeddedness, organizational expertise, organizational culture, organizational leadership

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