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Locality in Minimalist Syntax$
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Thomas S. Stroik

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780262012928

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262012928.001.0001

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Some Wh Puzzles

Some Wh Puzzles

Chapter:
(p.55) 3 Some Wh Puzzles
Source:
Locality in Minimalist Syntax
Author(s):

Thomas S. Stroik

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262012928.003.0022

Wh-constructions present a special challenge for any theory of syntax, in part due to their rich morphophonetic variety. Multiple wh-elements can be spelled out in fronted positions in some languages, including Serbo-Croatian and Bulgarian. In other languages, such as Chinese, none of the wh-elements are morphophonetically spelled out in fronted positions. There are also languages, such as English, whereby some wh-elements but not others are fronted. This chapter shows how the SURVIVE Principle and Remerge together can explain a range of wh-phenomena, including superiority effects and that-trace effects. It illustrates how Merge and Remerge analysis of syntax can explain the diverse forms of wh-constructions in English and other languages.

Keywords:   Merge, Remerge, syntax, SURVIVE Principle, superiority effects, that-trace effects, wh-constructions

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