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Science in Environmental PolicyThe Politics of Objective Advice$
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Ann Campbell Keller

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780262013123

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262013123.001.0001

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Theories of Science in Policy Making

Theories of Science in Policy Making

(p.27) 1 Theories of Science in Policy Making
Science in Environmental Policy

Ann Campbell Keller

The MIT Press

This chapter discusses science’s role in policymaking and outlines the traditional approach to decision-making that mistrusts the opposing views of science and politics. It also discusses the particular status of science in society and the potential for scientists’ participation in policy framing that addresses acid rain and climate change and the potential for long-term effects. The chapter focuses on the creation of a division between science and policy and argues for a recognizable boundary between the two as it creates status and confers authority on each of the areas. The chapter examines the objectivity of science and the idea that actors involved in decision-making are using it. The chapter further examines the distinction between rationalist and positivist views of science in decision-making, criticism of the synoptic model of decision-making, and several models and recent trends in the role of science in decision-making.

Keywords:   science, policy making, decision-making, scientists, climate change, acid rain, politics

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