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Language and Equilibrium$
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Prashant Parikh

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780262013451

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262013451.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 26 September 2021

Information, Meaning, and Language

Information, Meaning, and Language

(p.36) (p.37) 2 Information, Meaning, and Language
Language and Equilibrium

Prashant Parikh

The MIT Press

The central type of circumstance considered throughout this book is a situation with two persons Alan and Barbara, A and B, engaged in some activity, with A uttering a natural language sentence φ in order to convey some information to B. Since the utterances will involve a miscellany of sentences, the situations described will also be varied. Alan and Barbara may be contemplating one of two actions, either to go to a concert or to dinner and a movie. In such a context, they may discuss their plans in order to arrive at a decision. Part of this conversation may be an utterance by A suggesting they go to dinner and a movie. This chapter develops some of the terminology and mathematical tools to model this situation. The analysis covers the informational space, the situation theory, the space of infons, ontological maps, agents, and language and its situations. An example is also provided to illustrate how the contents of a reasonably complex linguistic utterance can be rendered in situation theory.

Keywords:   natural language, linguistic utterance, informational space, situation theory, infons, ontological maps, agents, language

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