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Biological Foundations and Origin of Syntax$
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Derek Bickerton and Eörs Szathmáry

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780262013567

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262013567.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 20 September 2021

Functional Neuroimaging and the Logic of Brain Operations

Functional Neuroimaging and the Logic of Brain Operations

Methodologies, Caveats, and Fundamental Examples from Language Research

Chapter:
(p.40) (p.41) 3 Functional Neuroimaging and the Logic of Brain Operations
Source:
Biological Foundations and Origin of Syntax
Author(s):

Gulyás Balázs

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262013567.003.0003

Positron emission tomography, functional magnetic resonance imaging, magnetoencephalography, and other complementary techniques provide cognitive neuroscience a unique methodological array of functional neuroimaging instruments that make it possible to decipher the internal logic of the brain. Functional imaging is ideally suited to probe the neuronal correlates of language, depending on methodological and spatiotemporal constraints of the technique used. This chapter provides a methodological background of functional neuroimaging as well as its advantages and disadvantages when applied to cognitive research. It describes methodological limitations and caveats, along with the history of neuroimaging in language research. It then considers the logic of brain operations, core networks and recruited cortical fields in language generation, and whether cortical macro-networks in language include only Broca’s and Wernicke’s area.

Keywords:   cognitive neuroscience, functional neuroimaging, brain, language, core networks, cortical fields, Broca’s area, Wernicke’s area, positron emission tomography, magnetoencephalography

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