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Effortless AttentionA New Perspective in the Cognitive Science of Attention and Action$
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Brian Bruya

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780262013840

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262013840.001.0001

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Effortless Attention, Hypofrontality, and Perfectionism

Effortless Attention, Hypofrontality, and Perfectionism

(p.159) 7 Effortless Attention, Hypofrontality, and Perfectionism
Effortless Attention

Arne Dietrich

Oliver Stoll

The MIT Press

This chapter examines the relationships between effortless attention, reduced mental ability, and perfectionism. It examines the findings of earlier neuroscientific studies in this regard to understand neurocognitive mechanisms driving the autotelic experience or the flow state. This is required to understand the fact that two distinct information-processing systems operate in the brain, viz. the explicit system and the implicit system, where the flexibility-efficiency feature is applied to find a solution for the computational problem related to skilled motor performance. The chapter also describes the hypofrontality theory or the theory of reduced mental ability in the frontal cortex region and reveals that this deficiency results in the inability to differentiate between different emotions and control and the motor reflexes required for performing and controlling different tasks. Individuals suffering from this deficiency are unable to differentiate between awareness and action, with the added inability of sensing the significance of time.

Keywords:   effortless attention, neuroscientific study, autotelic experience, flow state, explicit system, implicit system, hypofrontality theory, motor reflexes

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