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Effortless AttentionA New Perspective in the Cognitive Science of Attention and Action$
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Brian Bruya

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780262013840

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262013840.001.0001

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Effortless Attention in Everyday Life: A Systematic Phenomenology

Effortless Attention in Everyday Life: A Systematic Phenomenology

(p.179) 8 Effortless Attention in Everyday Life: A Systematic Phenomenology
Effortless Attention

Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi

Jeanne Nakamura

The MIT Press

This chapter focuses on the use of effortless attention in performing daily activities and tasks. It details a study developed by The University of Chicago and Claremont Graduate University, and named the Experience Sampling Method (ESM) to collect data from subjects of the study investigating the use of effortless attention in daily life. The findings are based on an ESM study of subjects consisting of middle and high school students from around the United States and the Sloan Study of Youth and Social Development. The Sloan study focuses on investigating both effortful and effortless attention experiences of the subjects. A large number of students reveal how effortless attention has helped them to focus better on several tasks without much effort.

Keywords:   effortless attention, daily life, effortful attention, ESM, United States

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