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The Extended Mind$
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Richard Menary

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780262014038

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262014038.001.0001

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The Varieties of Externalism

The Varieties of Externalism

(p.100) (p.101) 6 The Varieties of Externalism
The Extended Mind

Susan Hurley

The MIT Press

This chapter focuses on externalism, which is an important concept to examine in the study of the theory of the extended mind. The chapter puts forth a framework that will help systematize the varieties of externalism that exist. This taxonomy is used to compare arguments for the varieties of externalism, such as “what-externalism” and “how-externalism.” These two varieties are differentiated from each other through how they call upon external factors; the former does so in order to explain the “what” of mental states, while the latter does so in order to explain the “how” of mental states. In this chapter, what-externalism is used to explain the mental types of mental states or their personal level, while how-externalism is used to explain the subpersonal representations of mental states.

Keywords:   externalism, extended mind, what-externalism, how-externalism, mental states

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