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Knowledge and Skepticism$
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Joseph Keim Campbell, Michael O'Rourke, and Harry S. Silverstein

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780262014083

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262014083.001.0001

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Truth Tracking and the Problem of Reflective Knowledge

Truth Tracking and the Problem of Reflective Knowledge

(p.72) (p.73) 3 Truth Tracking and the Problem of Reflective Knowledge
Knowledge and Skepticism

Joe Salerno

The MIT Press

This chapter focuses on a criticism of reflective knowledge, which is taken by Vogel as a decisive objection to tracking theories. This criticism finds its roots in Vogel’s earlier work and recurs in papers by Ernest Sosa, who suggests that the externalist idea behind tracking is spot on, but that Nozick’s counterfactual is a misbegotten regimentation of the idea. In its place, Sosa offers his own counterfactual “safety” condition that properly captures the externalist idea, and which is mentioned here to point out that the criticism, which is the subject of investigation, is meant to do a lot of work. In Sosa’s case the criticism is meant to motivate his own counterfactual analysis, and in Vogel’s it promises to be a silver bullet against a theory that has recently found renewed life in the work of Keith DeRose. The chapter argues that the criticism is misguided.

Keywords:   reflective knowledge, Vogel, tracking theories, Ernest Sosa, externalist idea, Nozick, counterfactual analysis, Keith DeRose

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