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The Syntax of AdjectivesA Comparative Study$
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Guglielmo Cinque

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780262014168

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262014168.001.0001

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An Analysis of the Two Sources of Adjectives

An Analysis of the Two Sources of Adjectives

(p.43) 4 An Analysis of the Two Sources of Adjectives
The Syntax of Adjectives

Guglielmo Cinque

The MIT Press

This chapter presents syntactic analyses of direct modification adjectives and indirect modification adjectives. It argues that direct modification adjectives are functional elements, with phrasal status, merged as specifiers of distinct heads of the extended projection of the NP, not derivable from (reduced) relative clauses. Indirect modification adjectives originate in the predicate position of a reduced relative clause, merged pronominally. Some facts seem to suggest that the prenominal Merge position of indirect modification adjectives is higher than the projections hosting direct modification adjectives, and lower than the Merge position of numerals.

Keywords:   direct modification adjectives, phrasal status, indirect modification adjectives, Merge position, syntactic analyses, reduced relative clause

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