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Arguments as Relations$
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John Bowers

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780262014311

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262014311.001.0001

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Grammatical Function Changing Morphology

Grammatical Function Changing Morphology

(p.117) 4 Grammatical Function Changing Morphology
Arguments as Relations

John Bowers

The MIT Press

This chapter considers languages that exhibit so-called grammatical function changing morphology, and how they can be taken into account in very simple and direct fashion in the proposed approach without assuming either special rules that change the function of noun phrases or extensive processes of syntactic incorporation. It first examines applicative constructions of the sort proposed by Baker (1988) by means of Preposition Incorporation before extending the proposed theory to a wider range of data. The chapter then looks at another general property of applicativization processes known as Marantz’s Generalization, which states that applicative objects behave syntactically like direct objects. It also discusses symmetrical vs. asymmetrical languages, the phenomenon of Possessor Raising, antipassive construction, and causativization.

Keywords:   Preposition Incorporation, grammatical function changing, languages, applicative constructions, applicativization, Marantz’s Generalization, applicative objects, Possessor Raising, antipassive construction, causativization

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