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World Wide ResearchReshaping the Sciences and Humanities$
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William H. Dutton and Paul W. Jeffreys

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780262014397

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262014397.001.0001

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11.1 The Politics of Open Access

11.1 The Politics of Open Access

(p.317) 11.1 The Politics of Open Access
World Wide Research

Gustavo Cardoso

João Caraça

Rita Espanha

Sandro Mendonça

The MIT Press

The Web is a huge repository for the open access (OA) movement, which can be traced to Ted Nelson's hypertext system in the 1960s or Michael Hart's Gutenberg Project in the early 1970s. The turning point of the “social movement” phase of OA is believed to have begun with the Budapest, Bethesda, and Berlin initiatives in 2002 and 2003. This chapter examines the international politics of OA and argues that OA is not only about alternative publishing models, but must also be viewed as a special kind of social movement that flourishes within the research community, across disciplines, and around the world. It discusses the key strategies of the OA movement, developments in OA, and future directions.

Keywords:   open access, social movement, research, international politics, publishing

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