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MetareasoningThinking about Thinking$
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Michael T. Cox and Anita Raja

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780262014809

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262014809.001.0001

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Varieties of Metacognition in Natural and Artificial Systems

Varieties of Metacognition in Natural and Artificial Systems

(p.307) 20 Varieties of Metacognition in Natural and Artificial Systems

Aaron Sloman

The MIT Press

This chapter surveys varieties of metacognition, drawing attention to requirements that drove biological evolution and which are also relevant to ambitious engineering goals. It shows how designs produced by evolution, especially designs involving dedicated processors with different functions, escape some of the problems faced by artificial intelligence (AI) researchers considering metareasoning in systems based on general computers. It also indicates how detailed studies of the very complex environments in which animals evolved or future robots may have to perform can lead to new requirements and new opportunities for metacognition.

Keywords:   metacognition, evolution, artificial intelligence, metareasoning

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